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Xiaomin Chen
Professional Staff




Dr. Chen is a Northern Gulf institute Research Scientist at NOAA/AOML's Hurricane Research Division (HRD) in Miami, FL. His work focuses on dynamic and thermodynamic processes related to tropical cyclone intensity and structural changes, with special attention to boundary-layer processes and air-sea interactions. His research utilizes a combination of observations and numerical simulations (including large-eddy simulations) to improve the understanding and modeling of boundary-layer processes in high-impact weather systems. His recent research developed a novel framework to evaluate and improve PBL schemes in hurricane conditions.

Research Interests

Tropical cyclones
High-wind boundary layers
Air-sea interactions
Numerical modeling


Hiking, music, basketball, and photography

Chen, X., Bryan, G. H., Hazelton, A., Marks, F. D., & Fitzpatrick, P. (2022). Evaluation and Improvement of a TKE-Based Eddy-Diffusivity Mass-Flux (EDMF) Planetary Boundary Layer Scheme in Hurricane Conditions. Weather and Forecasting. American Meteorological Society. 37(6), 935-951. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Chen, X., Bryan, G. H., Zhang, J. A., Cione, J. J., & Marks, F. D. (2021). A Framework for Simulating the Tropical-Cyclone Boundary Layer Using Large-Eddy Simulation and Its Use in Evaluating PBL Parameterizations. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. American Meteorological Society. 78, 3559-3574. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Chen, X., & Bryan, G. H. (2021). Role of Advection of Parameterized Turbulence Kinetic Energy in Idealized Tropical Cyclone Simulations. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. American Meteorological Society. 78, 3593-3611. DOI:10.1175/JAS-D-21-0088.1. [Abstract]

Chen, X., Xue, M., Zhou, B., Fang, J., Zhang, J. A., & Marks, F. D. (2021). Effect of Scale-Aware Planetary Boundary Layer Schemes on Tropical Cyclone Intensification and Structural Changes in the Gray Zone. Monthly Weather Review. American Meteorological Society. 149(7), 2079-2095. DOI:10.1175/MWR-D-20-0297.1. [Abstract] [Document Site]

Chen, X., Gu, J., Zhang, J. A., Marks, F. D., Rogers, R. F., & Cione, J. J. (2021). Boundary Layer Recovery and Precipitation Symmetrization Preceding Rapid Intensification of Tropical Cyclones under Shear. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. American Meteorological Society. 78(5), 1523-1544. DOI:10.1175/jas-d-20-0252.1. [Abstract] [Document Site]